Wildlife Translocation and Re-stocking; a Common Phenomenon in Rwanda’s Conservation Story – Uganda Safari News
The aspect of conservation is one of the notable words in the contemporary times with a cross section of the people in the world increasingly getting concerned about the plight of wildlife and their habitats including those usually encountered on Rwanda safaris and tours.
Positioned in the Central African Plateau, Rwanda is indeed a tiny country stretching to 26,338 km2 which is almost equal to the size of Maryland with the highest population density in the Sub Saharan Africa where by 253 people exist per Kilometer. This population level can hardly let the wildlife thrive to the maximum in Rwanda.
Commonly known as the land of a thousand hills, Rwanda was among those that delayed to realize the significance of conservation and partly because of the instability that had characterized the country right from the 1959 Civil war up to the 1994 horrific genocide.
This situation left great counts of wildlife in considerable suffering and some of them could not hold to it anymore and as thus faced extinction. This was a big blow to the Rwanda safari base.
The idea of animal trans-location and re-stocking came up even before the turmoil had kicked off. In 1958 and 1959, the black Rhinos were introduced to Akagera National Park from the neighboring Tanzania though they later faced extinction too.
Elephants had disappeared from the park by 1961 and the initiative to restock elephants came in 1975 a range of 26 young elephants were re-introduced into the park from Bugesera as the population there was soaring thus threatening their continued existence.
It is these elephants that have increased up to 90 members as of now attracting a range of world travelers to undertake wildlife safaris to Rwanda.
The Akagera National Park which is the only savannah protected area in the country was also a home for the lions before they faced extermination as a result of poisoning by the herd’s men in a bid to protect their cattle.
The efforts to re-stock these species have been on going. The Giraffes are other notable species that have benefited from his kind of arrangement.
Though Rwanda initially had no record of Giraffes, the Masaai Giraffes were introduced to Akagera National Park in the year 1986 from Kenya.
This is also a unique feature as it the tallest earth mammal that impresses the travelers on safaris in Rwanda.
With this picture it can be noted that Rwanda has greatly benefited from the trans-location and re-stocking of wildlife and therefore is by no means a new thing in her conservation story.
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