Rwanda which joined the group of the partner states of the East African Community is generally located in Central Africa and has passed through the thick and thin up to the current moments of stability that it is enjoying and the famed mountain gorilla conservation that have presented the ground for gorilla safaris in Rwanda.
One of the darkest days in Rwanda was during the genocide time where the ethnic conflict resulted into the death of 800,000 people especially of Tutsi group and the moderate Hutus. Such times left a scar in the country and Rwanda has not made a mistake in any way to gazette certain sites to act as collection point for the remains of those who died and as memorial to those that would wish to remind themselves of what happened or others that are having their initial encounter with it including the Rwanda safari undertakers.
Considering the fact that Rwanda is popularly known globally as the destination for gorilla trekking, incorporating the tour to any of the genocide sites especially the Kigali Genocide memorial which is easily accessed because of being in Kigali city while on Rwanda gorilla safari presents an ethical encounter and tribute paying to the fallen people and the nation of Rwanda in general.
The ethnic conflict dates back to the colonial era where the groups that used to live harmoniously each with different role as the Tutsis were pastoralists and the Hutus were cultivators were brought to clashes as the colonial administrators used the Tutsi Royals to exert their harsh rule to the Hutu. The ordinary Hutus would not understand that the enemy was actually the colonial master and not the implementers of the harsh policies. This resulted into the 1959 Rwandan Revolution that forced the Tutsis to exile. The Hutus held power until the Tutsis resolved to go back home in 1990s and though they had launched attempts in 1970s, they were unsuccessful. The Tutsi coming back was a threat to the Hutu as they thought that they would be deprived of what they had confiscated from them after the revolution. The 1990 invasion prompted unrest in Rwanda and culminated into a bloody genocide in 1994 after the death of Habyarimana – the Hut President. This tragic history still stands up to today and the tour to the genocide sites allows one to gain the clear picture of what actually happened during the genocide.
The gorilla trekking in Rwanda can be undertaken in one day, two days on wards and the main destination for this activity is Volcanoes National Park to the North West accommodating range of 80 gorilla trekkers per day in her 10 habituated gorilla groups. The park shelters the Virunga Mountain chain section that is in the direction of Rwanda.
The Volcanoes National Park explored on gorilla safari in Rwanda is 116km about 2 – 3 hours’ drive from the city of Kigali. This manageable distance allows the tourists in Rwanda to tour the Kigali genocide museum before transferring into Volcanoes or after the gorilla trekking in Volcanoes. It is an additional historical tour that adds memories to the safari experience.