The Uganda Gorilla Safari destination of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is home of a minimum of 400 Mountain Gorillas close to a half of their world population currently estimated at 880.
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park features four (4) established regions where the travelers on gorilla safaris in Uganda can undertake their experience from. These regions include;
Buhoma region: This is to the north of Bwindi and is recorded as the pioneer region where the gorilla trekking activity started from. Mubare – the Bwindi’s oldest habituated gorilla group thrives in this sector along with other two namely; Habiyanja and Rushegura. Being the pioneer region, it has many established accommodation units in all categories compared to other regions and this partly explains why its permits are always on high demand.
Ruhija region: This is to the East of Bwindi and is easily reached via Kabale if transferring from Kampala. It is home to three habituated Gorilla groups namely; Oruzogo, Bitukura and Kyaguliro. One more gorilla group is in the final stages of introduction. High end accommodation is still a challenge in this region though travellers on Uganda gorilla trekking safari can transfer from Buhoma (1 – 1 ½ hrs drive), track gorillas here and return or proceed to Lake Bunyonyi.
Rushaga region: This is positioned in Bwindi South and is famously known for Nshongi group – the largest gorilla group ever been habituated in Uganda. The region is also home to other four (4) gorilla families namely; Mishaya, Kahungye, Bweza and Busingye. More two groups namely; Bikingi and Bushaho are undergoing Habituation process. Rushaga sector is apparently the only sector in Bwindi where the gorilla habituation safari experience in Uganda (4 hours of actual Gorilla viewing) is conducted.
Nkuringo region: Notoriously known for its challenging Gorilla trek, it is located to the south west of Bwindi and is home to only one gorilla family called Nkuringo. This is a common destination for travellers on adventure vacation safaris in Uganda Africa. Nkuringo is about 1 hour drive to Rushaga trekking point and thus, guests visiting the area can track either of the regions.
The Uganda Wildlife Authority allows a maximum of eight (8) People per gorilla group in a day and this puts the current total number of Gorilla permits in Bwindi at Ninety six (96). Advance Mountain Gorilla permit reservation allows one a chance to book the preferred tracking region.