There four gorilla trekking sectors in Bwindi impenetrable national park open to tourists on Uganda gorilla trekking safari tours. Each sector has different gorilla families (two have been added of recent) that are trekked under the guidance of a ranger and these are;
Buhoma Gorilla trekking sector
This was the first sector for gorilla trekking in Bwindi and most popular. Started in 1993, Buhoma is still regarded as the best Uganda gorilla safari experience sector. There three gorilla groups, Mubare gorilla family was the first group to be opened for gorilla trekking followed by Habinyanja (1997) and Rushegura (2000). Buhoma offers fly in safari options of either morning or afternoon rather than the southern sector that has only morning fly in safaris because of the weather.
Nkuringo Gorilla trekking sector
Southern part of Bwindi impenetrable national park is Nkuringo gorilla trekking sector. Nkuringo sector was established in 2004 which makes it the second to be established gorilla trekking trailhead. It has three (3) gorilla families one for gorilla trekking. Nkuringo gorilla family is open for gorilla trekking and Bushasho is open for tourists who would love to have a gorilla habituation experience. Christmas gorilla group has been introduced of recent (August 2018) for gorilla trekking after great conservation efforts. Nkuringo gorilla group live at about 600m above sea level below the trailhead on Nteko ridge. Trekking gorillas in this sector is challenging and requires one to be physically fit, it is tough but so much adventurous. If you need a challenging gorilla trekking safari in Uganda then this is the best group to trek.
Ruhija Gorilla trekking sector
Ruhija gorilla trekking sector is regarded as the most remote sector of all the four. It is situated in the Eastern side of Bwindi impenetrable national park. The sector has three (3) gorilla families which are Oruzogo, Bitukura and Kyaguriro (for research purposes). This is the best sector for a bird watching safari in Uganda as you trek the gorillas. The sector is famous for abundant birdlife and a three-hour hike to Mubwindi swamp which is very rewarding for passionate birders alongside the gorilla trekking experience. It is the only place for sighting the African Green Broadbill in the whole of Bwindi.
Rushaga Gorilla trekking sector
Rushaga gorilla trekking sector also located in the southern sector has six (6) gorilla families. The gorilla families in the sector are Nshongi, Bweza, Kahungye, Mishaya and Businge open for gorilla trekking. Bikingi gorilla group is open for a gorilla habituation experience. Rushaga gorilla family is situated between Kabale and Nkuringo.
In regards to accessibility, by road Ruhija is closer, followed by Buhoma and then Rushaga and Nkuringo in Kisoro. A 4X4WD safari vehicle is recommended for a drive in the region of Bwindi impenetrable national park.
For any of the sectors you trek on a gorilla trekking safari in Bwindi, the experience will always remain memorable since its all within the tropical jungle.